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  1. Islamisation of Knowledge: Problems, Principles and Prospective click
  2. Islamic Thought in the Modern World click
  3. An Approach to Knowledge and Human Limitations click
  4. The Balance Sheet of Western Philosophy in this Century click
  5. Man between Two Laws: A Qur’anic Perspective in Understanding Self and Understanding the Other click


Communication & Human Development
Islamic moral responsibility in decision making PDF Print E-mail

Rodrigue Fontaine

This study looks at the ethical and moral responsibilities of Muslims in the area of problem solving and decision-making. This moral responsibility is based on the objectives of the shari’ah (maqasid al-shari’ah) and ijtihad. This author defines management from an Islamic perspective (MIP) as "an effort by Muslim management experts to advise, based on evidence, two groups of Muslims. The first are legal scholars to help them derive fiqh rulings related to management. The second are practitioners, so that they manage their organisations taking ijtihad into consideration." A key issue is that some Muslims are appointed to management positions even though they have not been trained to solve problems. To remedy this problem, this author distinguishes between simple and complex problems and proposes nine 'thinking-tools.' It is argued that if Muslims do not use such tools, they are likely to fail in their moral responsibility to their firms and to the society at large.  Full text in PDF

Merging spirituality and religion: Developing an Islamic leadership theory PDF Print E-mail

Shams-ur-Rehman Toor

Leadership has been much talked about in the literature of social sciences. Numerous theories seem to have confused researchers and therefore scattered ideas about leadership continue to emerge from time to time. These theories can be classified into behavioral studies, contingency studies, transactional studies, transformational studies, charismatic studies, and integrative studies. Very recently, researchers have introduced a new concept of leadership known as 'authentic leadership.' This author argues that Islam provides the most comprehensive understanding of leadership through its highly developed and modern ethical system that seeks guidelines from the Qur'an and Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad [p.b.u.h]. The author also argues that grounds for leadership have already been laid by Islamic teachings several hundred years back. Nevertheless, there is a need to understand and comprehend these teachings and integrate them into a comprehensive and elaborate theoretical model of leadership theory based on Islamic perspectives. The paper first summarizes the theological beliefs and fundamental socio-economic principles of Islam and cultural setup of society based on the Qur'an and Sunnah. It then presents a framework of Islamic Leadership Theory. The paper also discusses the theoretical and practical implications of the proposed framework. Recommendations are also made for further theoretical development of the proposed model.  Full text in PDF

The Development of Civil Society in Indonesia and the Role of Voluntary Organizations PDF Print E-mail

M. Habib Chirzin

This article describes the evolution of Indonesia’s voluntary sector and the role of nongovernmental and private voluntary organizations in the development of Indonesia’s civil society. The paper describes how NGOs and PVOs complement and supplement the role of government in the social and economic development of the society. It also discusses how these organizations manage their responsibility in challenging the government while often remaining financially dependent on the government for their existence. The paper also advances discussions about the organizational theory of voluntary organizations and their particular development in Indonesia. 

Behavioral Science Foundations of Organization Development: A Critique from the Islamic Perspective PDF Print E-mail

Syed Abdul Hamid al-Junaid and Syed Aziz Anwar

This article seeks to advance an Islamic perspective on Organization Development. Arguing that OD interventions not only seek to institute planned change within organizations, but also change individuals, cultures and societies, the authors suggest that OD interventions can become useful tools for bringing about comprehensive development in society. The authors advance an Islamic perspective on OD in the hope of transforming Muslim organizations and precipitate comprehensive development of Muslim societies. 

Creative Thinking: An Islamic Perspective PDF Print E-mail

Jamal Badi and Mustapha Tajdin, Kuala Lumpur: International Islamic University Malaysia, 2004. 248 pages.

Growing out of a course that the authors have taught jointly since 1996 at the International Islamic University Malaysia (“Creative Thinking and Problem Solving”), this book is designed for use as an undergraduate textbook on these issues from an Islamic viewpoint. Since Muslims generally  deplore their own community’s lack of creativity and desperately need to reverse their technological and scientific dependence on other countries, the authors seek to present a realistic strategy to help them regain the innovative spirit that characterized classical Islamic civilization. Drawing on cognitive psychology and related disciplines in western academia, they begin with the assumption that creativity is a learned skill, rather than the personal endowment of an elite corps of humanity. The book then develops their second assumption: Islamic values and perspectives can be enriched through a dialogue with western social sciences.
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